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The elderly are a group with a high incidence of diabetes. How should the elderly with diabetes eat? What should be paid attention to in the diet of the elderly with diabetes?
Diabetics should pay most attention to their daily eating habits. Improper diet is likely to aggravate the condition. Eating properly and developing good living and eating habits will help regulate blood sugar to normal levels, and may even get rid of drug treatment. However, diabetic patients have eight misunderstandings about diet therapy.
1. You can eat more non-sweet food
The sweetness of food is because it contains glucose, fructose, sucrose and other monosaccharides or disaccharides. The intake of these sugars will cause blood sugar to rise. Although some polysaccharide foods such as starch have no sweet taste, they will be decomposed into glucose after digestion, which will also cause blood sugar to rise. Therefore, in adjusting the diet, not only should limit the sweet food with high sugar content, but also limit the non-sweet food such as rice, steamed buns, biscuits, etc. The general principle is to control the total amount of carbohydrates, including monosaccharides, disaccharides Sugars, polysaccharides (mainly starches), not just sweets. In other words, as long as a reasonable total carbohydrate intake is ensured, sweets can also be eaten in moderation.
2. Only control the staple food, you can eat more non-staple food
Non-staple foods such as meat, eggs, milk, etc., although not high in sugar, are rich in protein and fat, which can be converted into glucose in the body. This process is particularly active for diabetic patients, so eating more will also increase blood sugar.
3. Coarse grains contain less sugar, so it’s okay to eat more
Coarse grains contain more dietary fiber. Although dietary fiber has the effects of lowering blood sugar, lowering fat, and laxative, it is beneficial to the body, but eating more may increase the burden on the gastrointestinal tract, which will affect the absorption of nutrients and cause long-term malnutrition. , which is detrimental to the body.
4. You can eat more soy products
Soy products are not high in sugar and calories, and the soy isoflavones in them have a certain effect on blood sugar control, so soy products are more suitable for diabetic patients than animal protein, but for some patients, the onset of diabetes is usually combined Kidney disease, and the intake of a large amount of protein will bring a great burden to the kidneys, and even cause irreversible damage. Therefore, patients with diabetic nephropathy cannot blindly eat more soy products, so as not to aggravate the condition.
5. Diet therapy is hunger therapy
Some diabetic patients dare not eat anything once they are diagnosed. I only eat some so-called low-sugar foods every day, such as bean noodles, oat noodles, noodles, oats, etc. to satisfy my hunger, hoping to control blood sugar. In fact, the sugar content of these foods is about 60% to 70%, but it is difficult to absorb. Eating these foods for a long time can easily lead to nutritional disorders of the patient, make the patient increasingly tired, thin, and weaken the body's immunity, which is not conducive to the recovery of islet function. Due to the blind pursuit of diet control, many diabetic patients have nutritional deficiencies. At the same time, due to insufficient nutritional intake, the energy required for human activities can only be provided by the body's breakdown of fat, which may cause ketoacidosis, and even life-threatening in severe cases.
6. Pumpkin can lower blood sugar
The pumpkin polysaccharide contained in pumpkin has a good effect on controlling blood sugar, but pumpkin also contains a lot of sugar substances. If you eat too much, your blood sugar will rise rapidly after a meal. Therefore, it is best for diabetics to eat a little pumpkin as a dish instead of eating a lot at will.
7. Diabetics have nothing to do with fruit
Fruits contain many trace elements, such as chromium and manganese, which are very helpful in improving insulin activity in the body. On the premise of controlling the total amount of carbohydrate intake, if patients choose fruits with low carbohydrate content as snacks, it will help reduce the burden on the pancreas.
8. Limit drinking water
It is inappropriate for some patients to restrict drinking water due to the symptoms of polydipsia and polyuria in the early stage of the disease. Thirst is because glucose takes away a lot of water when it is excreted from urine, so you should drink water when you are thirsty, and there is no need to limit it; otherwise, it will cause dehydration or hyperviscosity.
Diet and health preservation are carried out through eating. Diet health care should not only pay attention to nutritional balance, but also pay attention to dietary hygiene, and taboo certain foods according to one's physical condition, so as to prevent the occurrence of diseases and achieve the purpose of diet and longevity.
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