1. Get a reasonable exercise routine
Reasonable daily exercise is beneficial to strengthen the heart and lung function and slow down the degeneration of body function.
Middle-aged and elderly people can stick to gentle exercise such as brisk walking and jogging, and try to avoid explosive vigorous exercise, such as sprinting and all kinds of strong ball games.
Because middle-aged and elderly people generally may have different degrees of atherosclerotic plaques, high intensity exercise is easy to lead to large fluctuations in blood pressure, plaque rupture and detachment, resulting in cerebral infarction, myocardial infarction and other cardiovascular and cerebrovascular accidents.
2. Keep your mood stable, eat light and get enough sleep
Similarly, violent mood swings carry a similar risk. Therefore, daily should keep the mood steady.
Daily diet should avoid excessive meals, food can be light based.
Staying up late increases your resting heart rate, so getting enough sleep at night is also the basis for maintaining cardiovascular health.
3. Beware of caffeine and theophylline
What need to remind additionally is,the pace of modern life is fast,the pressure is big,a lot of people drink coffee,strong tea to refresh.
However, caffeine and theophylline are easy to stimulate the heart. If palpitation and palpitation occur after drinking, it is best to reduce the amount of drinking or stop drinking.
4. Stop smoking and limit alcohol
The incidence of coronary heart disease is 36 times higher in smokers than in non-smokers. And smoking and hypertension, high cholesterol have synergistic effect, can make the incidence risk of coronary heart disease increases exponentially.
And alcohol can increase your resting heart rate, so giving up smoking and limiting alcohol can lead to better cardiovascular health.
5. Maintain the right weight
Obesity will put a heavy burden on the heart, and you can maintain a proper weight by exercising and regulating your diet.
Health tip: For patients with conditions such as high blood pressure, coronary heart disease or heart failure, you should consult a specialist hospital to keep your heart rate within target values, which can help you manage your condition.